UNICAM The University of Camerino is one of the most ancient university in Italy authorised by the Pope Gregorio XI to give doctorates and bachelor degrees from 1377. The University has a strong commitment to doctoral training and internationalization. From 2005 the School of Advanced Studies at UNICAM promotes structured doctoral courses with high level of internationalization and collaborative interaction with industries. The main research interests of the Cell biology and Biotechnology laboratory at the School of Biosciences and Veterinary Medicine of UNICAM are: 1-molecular cold adaptation; 2-functional role of tubulin isotypes; 3-characterization of enzymes for industrial application. All these research topics are addressed using ciliates as model organisms. This unit has important relationships and collaborations at both national and international level, such as the Gladishev group from the Harvard Medical School. Techniques routinely applied are: ciliates cultivation, DNA/RNA isolation, gene cloning and sequencing, quantitative Real-Time PCR, Tetrahymena cell transfection, fluorescent microscope analysis, gene-silencing by RNA interference, heterologous expression of protein in bacteria. UNIMIB The Department of Biotechnology and Biosciences of the University of Milano-Bicocca is composed by 53 professors and researcher, ca. 20 between technicians and administrative staff and around 120 temporary researchers among PhD students, master students and post-doc. The Department benefits from modern experimental labs, including a Biotechnicum devoted to fermentation and downstream, a Centre for Systems Biology and advanced instrumentation for the study of protein structure and conformation, and is recognized by the Regione Lombardia as a Centre of Excellence for Biotechnology. UCAM The University of Cambridge is consistently ranked among the foremost universities in the world. Work will be carried out in the Computer Laboratory. The Computer Laboratory is the University of Cambridge's Computer Science department. The Computer Laboratory was founded in 1937 with pioneering works in building complete computers (the EDSAC was commissioned in 1949 and the EDSAC 2 in 1958). Former members of the department have introduced in Computer Science the ASCII code, the concept of subroutine, the pi calculus and several programming languages such as C++. The Cambridge Diploma in Computer Science was the world's first taught course in computing, starting in 1953. The University of Cambridge has an extremely active PhD program, with many regular seminar and journal club programmes covering methodologies and practice, talks given by international speakers and forum that encourages collaborations, networking, research and industry interactions between the local bioinformatics and associated research community. In particular : The Cambridge Infectious Disease in the Veterinary dept; Behaviour, Ecology & Evolution Seminar Series in the Dept of Zoology, Structural seminars at Laboratory of Molecular Biology, Bioinformatics seminars at the European Bioinformatics Institute, Protein communication and Signalling at Brabaham Institute. UCAM ESRs will be able to attend bioinformatics courses provided via the Cambridge Systems Biology Centre (PartIII Systems Biology), the Department of Maths & Theoretical Physics (MSc Computational Biology) and the Department of Computer Science (MPhil in advanced computing). Pietro Lio’ teaches Bioinformatics Algorithms in the Computer Laboratory, Biomedical Informatics (MPhil in advanced Computing), Mathematical modelling of diseases (MPhil in Computational Biology) and in the Part III systems Biology. Due to the rich and diverse scientific community in Cambridge there will be opportunity to attend a wide range of formal and informal training available in methodologies relevant to the project. BMR Genomics BMR is a spin-off of the University of Padova founded in 2004. It took over the DNA sequencing service started in 2000 within the University of Padova. It is leader in Italy in the field of DNA analysis with currently 15 persons 10 of which are biologists. BMR Genomics has been the first Italian service to offer Next-gen DNA sequencing service to the Italian research world since 2008. EPIGENETIKS EPIGENETIKS is established in 2014 . Since its establishment EPI is working in Bioinformatics sector producing software solutions for health institutions and diagnostics Centers. EPI has 2 full time employees and 8 part-time employees. EPI addresses the needs of all healthcare institutions and diagnostic firms in the industry with its complete data analysis softwares. They have a tool called PANOGA which can anlyse ‘omics’ data in a pathway reltaed contect to identifiy marker pathways.They also have great expertise in cloud computing since they keep the BIG DATA coming from omics studies in cloud environment and carry out the analysis with the softwares developed in house in cloud environment. They have great expertise and established protocols in motif mining for temperature stability, Homology Modelling, Molecular Dynamics, Molecular mechanics and Docking. They employed these methods to predict enhance temperature stability of cellulases and lipases. They have diverse experience in database establishment and management.They have worked on handling the privacy and security issues of the data. COMSATS COMSATS Institute of Information Technology was established in 1998, and was awarded Charter by the Government of Pakistan in 2000 with the joint government and inter-governmental COMSATS efforts. The university offers undergraduate, post-graduate, and doctoral studies programmes in various academic disciplines including biosciences, biochemistry, molecular biology, molecular virology, microbiology and bioinformatics. Being a comparatively new university, the biosciences department is striving to add advanced facilities to the existing ones. We now have the framework and well equipped Microbiology & Public Health Laboratory at COMSATS within Pakistan to carry out an extended study on Microbial characterization and associated enzymes.leading to process development. Staff/lecturers & Students registered in ongoing program in Microbiology & immunology from where these participants will come from is predominantly comprised of female students/staff i.e. Female: Male ratio is 70:30